The Lee-Cutler House

Lee-Cutler House, 620 South Third Street

620 S 3RDa
Photo by Ken Taylor

This is the sixth and last in the series of articles about homes highlighted in the armory park:74 ff study which formed the basis for creation of the Armory Park Historic Preservation Zone. I will be doing more pieces on Armory Park history and historic homes as I can gather information from the study and other sources.

620 S 3RD sketch
Sketch by John Cataldo

 

The Lee-Cutler House, dating from 1915/16, is characteristic of the Queen Anne Style. The turret at the front (a feature of the later phase of Queen Anne) is a strong exterior design element of the house and is carried to the inte­rior in the form of a semicircular bow for the living room. Irreg­ularity of massing is echoed in the complexity of roof lines. Brick walls rest on stone foun­dations and are highlighted with salmon-colored-stone belt coursing. The gable ends are filled with stucco. A classical Paladian motif occupies the south gable as an attic

IMG_2442b1b
Photo by Stephen Sinex

ventilator. Front and rear porches are employed in a typical fashion.

©1974 College of Architecture, University of Arizona

620 S 3RDc2
Original floor plan by Gary Carlough

The McGinty-Laos House

McGinty-Laos House, 647 South 4th Avenue

This is the fifth in the series of articles extracted from the armory park:74 ff study which647 S 4TH formed the basis for creation of the Armory Park Historic Preservation Zone. I am particularly fond of this house since I see it every day and its restoration was the work of Annie Laos and her family. I did a previous piece in the People & Places category with less of an architectural emphasis. You can fine that article here: Historic Gem on S. 4th.

647 S 4th 3a
Photo by Stephen Sinex

The McGinty-Laos House (1897)-can be referred to as being in the Anglo-Territorial style as it dates from the territorial period and exhibits definite Anglo influences. Verandas and porches face the south and west fronts and the east rear, tying the irregular plan into a unified massing. All this is capped with a dominant pyramidal roof form having additional gables projecting over plan projections on the south and west. There are many Queen Anne characteristics, such as the bay window of the living room. The wood porch displays simple Doric-like

647 S 4th 3b
Photo by Stephen Sinex

turned posts and no railing. Window openings have segmental arched heads while the doors are flat headed. The house was one of the first in Tucson to be mechanically equipped with a central cooling system. The interior exhibits a wealth of elaboration in Victorian wood detailing and appropriate furnishing. Today the residence is well maintained and displays all the charm, as well as the accumulation of nostalgia, characteristic of the Victorian era.

©1974 College of Architecture, University of Arizona

 

647 S 4th floor plan
Original floor plan by Gary Carlough

Old Armory Park Adobe

Velasco House, 471 South Stone Avenue (475 S Stone today)

475 S STONE, small
Photo by Ken Taylor

This is the fourth in the series of articles extracted from the armory park:74 ff study which formed the basis for creation of the Armory Park Historic Preservation Zone. Apparently the rehabilitation referred to in this article has been completed. The exterior is in excellent condition today in contrast to the photo in the study document.

This building was apparently built sometime in the 1860’s, in a man­ner typical of

475 S Stone floor plan, small
Plan by Gary Carlough

construction in Sonora and southern Arizona during the early territorial period. It has a central ZAGUAN or entry hall with flanking rooms and additions extending to the rear defining an interior court. The original plan was L-shaped, with other rooms added as necessary.

Of adobe construction, with walls 18″-24″ thick, the original portions of the house have ceilings 14 ‘ —15 ‘ high. Fireplaces were located in all rooms except the ZAGUAN. Although the structure borders on the Armory Park area, and does represent a building tradition which preceded the major development of the area, it is a common building form and is reflected in some of the later houses in the district.

The extremely thick walls, built over stone foundations, were both an environmental response to the heat of summer and a product of technological limitations. The thick walls

475 S Stone old photo
Photo by Larry Lauser

served as a ‘heat sink’ providing moderation of temperature differential over a twenty-four hour period. The pattern, size and placement of windows and doors are characteristic of buildings of this tradition. Doors are set deep within the walls while windows are placed at the exterior surface.

The house was purchased by Don Carlos Ygnacio Velasco in 1878, at the time he founded the Spanish-language newspaper, EL FRONTERIZO, which was published continuously until Velasco’s death in 1914. The newspaper was an important contribution to what was at the time a predominantly Mexican community. Velasco’s printing office occupied this building while he resided in a smaller house at the rear of the lot.

The Velasco House is currently in the process of being rehabilitated. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the only Armory Park district structure to be so listed. This house is one of only three seen on the east side of the present Stone Avenue in an 1882, photograph taken from Sentinel Peak.

©1974 College of Architecture, University of Arizona

Galloway House, 630 South 3rd Avenue

This is the third in the series of articles extracted from the armory park:74 ff study which formed the basis for creation of the Armory Park Historic Preservation Zone.

When viewing the Galloway House from the exterior, it has characteristics of a modified bungalow, due primarily to its painted brick surfaces, upon closer examination, this

630 S 3RD a
Ken Taylor Photo, 2017

house, dating from about 1900, has very definite Queen Anne characteristics. The irregularity of the rooms is brought into accord on the exterior and covered with a single hip roof. The living room bay window as well as that of the dining room, and the box window of the main bedroom, all project from the brick wall surface. The entrance hall, living room, and dining room all interlock and repeat diagonal walls with corner fire­places. An overall diagonal patterning is evident within these principal rooms. A fifteen foot module is employed as a common Continue reading “Galloway House, 630 South 3rd Avenue”

Culin-Roskruge House, 318 E 13th Street

This is the second in a series of articles about noteworthy historic homes in Armory park. The historic information about each home is extracted from the armory park:74 ff 318 E 18TH Todaystudy done by the College of Architecture in 1974. My copy of this study was a gift from Annie Laos who passed away earlier this week. Those who value the historic character of Armory Park owe a debt of gratitude to Annie. Her drive, energy and passion for our history saved the original buildings of the Safford School from destruction. That set the stage for historic preservation here and she continued to be a driving force in that effort for many years. One can’t drive important change without causing some controversy which she certainly did. Annie was a great neighbor and we will miss her greatly. Continue reading “Culin-Roskruge House, 318 E 13th Street”

Kitt House, 319 South 4th Avenue

This is the first in a series of articles about noteworthy historic homes in Armory park. The historic information about each home is extracted from the armory park:74 ff study done by the College of Architecture in 1974.

IMG_2361In 1899 this house was built by William R. and Catherine Kitt; its general design said to have been done by Mrs. Kitt herself. It is constructed of thick adobe walls employing the Roman Revival style. The portico is not merely an applied classical ornament in this case, but is a deep front porch oriented toward the west. The single low-gabled roof extends over the tetrastyle porch in the Doric Order. In response to the environment, the gable end has a lunette IMG_2362transom for ventilation. Warm air is thus drawn out of the house through the attic. Although displaying Roman Revival charac­teristics on the exterior, the irregularity of plan shows defi­nite Queen Anne influences. For convenience in an inhospitable climate, each room is offered direct access to either the front or rear porch. Continue reading “Kitt House, 319 South 4th Avenue”

Historic Structures of Armory Park

Historic structures are among the appealing features of Armory park and certainly attracted Donna and me to the neighborhood. In a past post, I mentioned that Annie Laos IMG_2360is our next door neighbor. She was the leader of a movement to preserve the old Safford School buildings and was also a major player in the creation of our Historic Preservation Zone. Because she knows we appreciate the community’s history, she gifted us a copy of the armory park:74 ff study which formed the basis for creation of our HPZ. This study was done by the University of Arizona College of Architecture in 1974.

I am going to use the study as the source for a series of articles about the historic structures, mostly homes, which make Armory Park so special. I will also look for other sources of historic information about our neighborhood and the people and places who built it.

If you have relevant material, please contact me: blog@kmtaylor.com